Halkidiki is a peninsula located south of the city of Thessaloniki. It consists of three smaller peninsulas (Kassandra, Sithonia and Athos) which seem to form a trident piercing the Aegean. Sunny, golden – covered with sand – beaches, idyllic coves, traditional villages and modern tourist resorts scattered islands, sheltered bays, pine hills plunging into the sea make up the image of modern Halkidiki. Capital of Halkidiki is Poligiros located in the geographic center, just 69 km from Thessaloniki. The movement is mainly by road and the nearest airport is “Airport Macedonia”, outside the city of Thessaloniki.
The traditional village Paliouri located at the southernmost tip of Kassandra located 123 km from Thessaloniki and 80 km from the Polygyro.To Paliouri located in the hills of Cassandra 3 km from the sea and at an altitude of 120 meters. In the area discovered the old ancient city Thyramvos.history
The region, according to findings from the prehistoric area of Petralona lived about 700,000 years ago. Settlements from the Neolithic period and the Bronze Age, located in the western and central Halkidiki, many cities flourished, over the centuries and one of the most important cities, and the city was Olynthus (archaeological findings in Olynthus Potidea, Stagira Toroni). In 384 BC born in Stagira, the great philosopher Aristotle who was the teacher of Alexander the Great. The region takes its name from the city located in Chalkis, Evia, which colonized the region in the 8 ° and 7 ° century BC Kassandra took its name from the King Cassander of Macedonia, Sithonia from the Sithon (son of Poseidon) and Athos from mythical giant Athos. 9 ° the century founded the first monastic community on Mount Athos. Today, the monastic state of Mount Athos, works like ark Christianity by Byzantine monasteries, caves, monks and pilgrims, a “mountain – church” for the Orthodox Christian Church.